Cinque Ports

Five ports on the south coast of England: Hastings, Sandwich, Dover, Romney, Hythe; to these Rye and Winchelsea were later added. They provided the early English navy. This was most likely initiated by Edward the Confessor some time before 1066. Some 50 or more ships were maintained for the king in the 11c. The ports were granted *charters of privileges in late 1270s. The towns became particularly important as a first line of defence once possession of Normandy by the English crown had been lost. By the 13c, a part of the ports' ancient service due to the king was still the supply of ships, each with two dozen crew, for the customary 40 days each year. For Edward I this was the basis of his navy, under the command of an *admiral. As with many such dues and services, when they were commuted to cash payments the system fell apart. By the mid-14c, the king was paying the wages of the crews, not the ports. -

Dictionary of Medieval Terms and Phrases. .

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  • Cinque Ports — [Cinque + port.] (Eng. Hist.) Five English ports, to which peculiar privileges were anciently accorded; viz., Hastings, Romney, Hythe, Dover, and Sandwich; afterwards increased by the addition of Winchelsea, Rye, and some minor places. [1913… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • Cinque Ports — (spr. ßink pōrts, »Fünfhäfen«), seit Wilhelm dem Eroberer Name der fünf auf der englischen Küste von Kent und Sussex Frankreich gegenüberliegenden Seehäfen: Hastings, Romney, Hythe, Dover und Sandwich, die gleichsam die Wiege der englischen… …   Meyers Großes Konversations-Lexikon

  • Cinque Ports — the Cinque Ports five sea ports in southeast England (Hastings, Romney, Hythe, Dover, and Sandwich) which, until 1685, had to provide ships for the British king or queen in order to protect the country from attack by sea …   Dictionary of contemporary English

  • Cinque Ports — (spr. Sink Pohrts, d. i. die fünf Häfen), die 5 großen, auf der englischen Küste, Frankreich gegenüber liegenden Häfen Dover, Sandwich, Romney, Hythe (diese in der Grafschaft Kent) u. Hastings (Grafschaft Sussex) unter Wilhelm dem Eroberer zum… …   Pierer's Universal-Lexikon

  • Cinque Ports —   [ siȖk pɔːts; altfranzösisch englisch »Fünf Häfen«], wohl im 11. Jahrhundert entstandener Bund von ursprünglich fünf Hafenstädten in Kent und Sussex (Hastings, Romney, Hythe, Dover, Sandwich). Später wurden diesen »Headports« mehr als 30 andere …   Universal-Lexikon

  • Cinque Ports — (spr. ßink pohrts, d.h. Fünfhäfen), seit Wilhelm dem Eroberer Name für die 5 engl. Häfen: Dover, Sandwich, Romney, Hythe, Hastings, die das Reich von Landungen zu sichern hatten …   Kleines Konversations-Lexikon

  • cinque ports — late 12c. (in Anglo Latin), late 13c. (in English), from L. quinque portus (see FIVE (Cf. five)). Hastings, Sandwich, Dover, Romney, and Hythe, granted special privileges from the crown in return for defense of the Channel in the days before… …   Etymology dictionary

  • Cinque Ports — Cinque′ Ports′ [[t]sɪŋk[/t]] n. pl. why a former association of maritime towns in SE England, consisting of Hastings, Romney, Hythe, Dover, and Sandwich, formed in 1278 to assist in the naval defense of England …   From formal English to slang

  • Cinque Ports — [siŋk] group of towns (orig. five: Hastings, Romney, Hythe, Dover, and Sandwich) on the SE coast of England: they formerly (11th 15th cent.) received privileges in return for providing naval defense at a time when England had no navy …   English World dictionary

  • Cinque Ports — For the galleon, see Cinque Ports (1703 ship). Location of the Cinque Ports and their limbs. The Confederation of Cinque Ports (pronounced sink ports, never as the French cinq) is a historic series of coastal towns in Kent and Sussex. It was… …   Wikipedia

  • Cinque Ports — Die Cinque Ports (französisch Fünf Häfen) sind ein Bund von ursprünglich fünf, heute 14 Hafenstädten in den englischen Grafschaften Kent und Sussex. Die militärische und wirtschaftliche Allianz der fünf Gründungsmitglieder stellte im… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

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